What is the question?
There have been many successful examples worldwide of mini-public deliberation on tough policy issues, but few examples of incorporating it as an ongoing part of "the way we do democracy." One of the rare exceptions can be found in the Polish city of Gdansk. What has been done there, and what can be learned from it?
Josiah Ober (2017) argues that we should go back to basic democracy, rather than liberalism (or the political philosophies that are associated with it) when thinking about political futures. Democracy, in its original expression, guards against tyranny or authoritarian populism because of its preoccupation with cooperation and social cohesion. Of course, this only works for those who don’t wish to live in an autocratic state.